Causes of sensitive teeth

Causes of sensitive teeth

Be  sure to only use a medium or soft bristled manual toothbrush or an electric toothbrush. This will make it more difficult to brush too hard. Where enamel has been worn away it may be necessary to build teeth up using white, composite

Cause Treatments
Toothbrush Abrasion Toothbrush abrasion is caused when your teeth are brushed too hard causing the enamel to be worn away, especially where the teeth meet the gums. The freshly exposed dentine may then become sensitive Be sure to only use a medium or soft bristled manual toothbrush or an electric toothbrush. This will make it more difficult to brush too hard. Where enamel has been worn away it may be necessary to build teeth up using white, composite fillings.
Dental Erosion Dental erosion is the loss of tooth enamel caused by attacks of acid from acidic food and drinks. This can lead to the enamel being worn away, exposing the sensitive dentine below. Try to limit acid attacks on your teeth to mealtimes. Avoid sipping fizzy drinks throughout the day as this means that your teeth are constantly under attack. The dentist may also apply fluoride varnishes to your teeth to help strengthen and protect them.
Gum Recession/Gum Disease Gums may naturally recede overtime and this can lead to the roots of the teeth being exposed. Root surfaces do not have an enamel layer to protect them so will be sensitive. This can be further exacerbated if you suffer from gum disease. As gum disease can cause pockets to form in the gums around the tooth, making them difficult to keep clean and the problem worse. The best treatment for gum disease is a good oral hygiene routine, your dentist will remove the plaque from your teeth and advise you on the best oral hygiene aids to maintain your teeth between visits. In order to protect the roots of teeth it may be necessary to build the teeth up with a white composite filling. In severe cases it may be necessary to perform root canal treatment, removing the nerve from the tooth means that it can no longer be sensitive.
Tooth Grinding This is a habit that many people experience when they are tired and stressed and involves clenching or grinding the teeth together. This can occur while you are asleep so you may not even realise you are doing it. Over time the enamel can be worn away or it can cause teeth to crack and break becoming sensitive In order to protect your teeth, it may be advised that you wear a gum shield. This means that rather than damage your teeth when you grind you will be grinding against the plastic retainer. Damaged teeth will also need to be repaired or built up to prevent them being damaged further.
Cracked tooth A cracked tooth is one that has become broken through eating or tooth grinding. A crack can run from the biting surface of a tooth down towards the root. Extreme temperatures, especially cold, may cause discomfort and sensitivity Cracked teeth can be repaired with composite fillings or crowns. If the crack runs right through the root it may be necessary to perform a root canal treatment to ensure that the tooth remains strong.
Tooth Whitening You may experience some sensitivity during treatment The sensitivity should disappear when you finish treatment. The dental team will also be able to advise you on ways to reduce sensitivity during treatment, by filling the whitening trays with sensitive toothpaste in between whitening treatments.

If you would like help or advice on sensitive teeth do not hesitate to book an appointment. Call College Dental Surgeries on 01622 752340 to book a consultation today.