What are those things in the Dental Surgery?

Your College Dental Surgeries dentist has a whole host of equipment to help them look after you and make your experience as pleasant as possible.

In this month’s blog we look at some of your dentist’s equipment and what it does.

Mouth mirror

This will almost certainly be used during your visit. Your dentist needs to get a good view of the inside of your mouth, including the back of your teeth. The mirror enables them to see from all angles and help locate any potential problems more easily.

Dental probe

There are a number of different types of probes. Although they can look scary, they are used to explore the mouth and make sure everything is in order. A sickle probe is used to locate any cavities and other oral issues, while a periodontal probe is used to measure the periodontal pockets and identify any problems, such as gum recession.


Teeth may be hard on the outside but under the enamel they are incredibly sensitive. In order to perform treatment without causing you any pain, your dentist will administer a local anaesthetic to numb your mouth.

Dental drill

The sound and the vibrations caused by the drill on your teeth may cause an unusual sensation, but this is nothing to worry about. The drill is used to remove any decay attached to the tooth before filling in the cavity, although sometimes it is simply for polishing and smoothing the tooth once your treatment is complete.


Scalers are used to remove calculus from above the gum line. Sometimes plaque hardens to the point where it cannot be removed by brushing so it needs to be carefully scraped out with these instruments.

Suction device

During many procedures saliva and debris can build up in the mouth, which can make things difficult for your dentist. Small hoses are used to remove anything obstructing the mouth.


Sometimes a problem may not be immediately obvious so an x-ray will need to be taken to show a more detailed view of the teeth and bones. Without an x-ray, problems such as early decay are difficult to detect.


One of the most accurate ways to get an impression of the inside of your mouth is to fill a mould with a liquid material and bite down on it. The resulting impression can then be filled with plaster and hardened to create a model of your teeth. These are used to create crowns, dentures, mouth guards and braces.

Your College Dental Surgeries dentist will talk through any procedure with you prior to treatment, so you feel informed and at ease. If you have any questions about the equipment that will be used during your appointment, do not hesitate to ask them.